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Auto Insurance Policies

To start, there has been a great deal of misunderstanding about what constitutes "full coverage." That is a term often heard from clients who are confident that they have purchased all available coverage to protect them in the case of an accident. However, it is often the case that the particular client does not, in fact, have the necessary insurance coverage as originally thought.

"FULL COVERAGE", in case of an automobile accident, would include all of the following separate coverages:

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  • Liability Insurance
  • Property Damage Liability Coverage
  • Uninsured and Under-insured Motorist Bodily Injury
  • Medical Payments Coverage for Automobile Accidents
  • Comprehensive Coverage
  • Collision Coverage
  • Waiver of Collision Deductible (often called UMPD Waiver)
  • Rental Coverage
  • Towing Coverage
  • Additional Personal Property Protection Coverage

If you thought you were fully covered for any losses in an automobile accident by having Liability, Comprehensive Insurance, and Collision Insurance, you will see from the above that you fell a little short!

Believe it or not a large number of consumers are being sold these three sections of a policy and are being told that this is "Full Coverage." They are often outraged later to learn that they are missing one or all of the other key elements of auto insurance.

Liability Insurance: The law requires every driver to carry a minimum of $15,000.00 (per person) and $30,000.00 (total) regardless of how many people are injured in the personal injury accident. This coverage is for when you are at fault in an accident and cause personal injury to one or more persons. The amount of liability insurance you carry is directly related to your income, your assets, and your ability and desire to assume risk.

Note: The other injured person(s) could be passengers in your own car. There are exclusions that come into play but, for example, if you and I are driving together and you cause an accident, I have a claim against the liability section of your insurance. The amount of protection you should purchase is a very personal decision but should be made after understanding and weighing your options. In most instances this decision is based on your income, assets liabilities, and your willingness to assume risk.

Property Damage Liability: Very similar to liability insurance coverage, except that it is for damage to other vehicles, not other people. Once again this is applicable when you are at fault in an accident and it is required under California law. The minimum amount required is $5,000. And once again, the decision to carry more than this minimum amount should be based on your income, assets, liabilities, and your willingness to assume risk.

Uninsured/Underinsurance Coverage: This is not required under California law, however, although The State of California stopped short of making this a legal requirement, it requires an insured to give a written waiver saying that they knowingly are deciding not to carry this type of insurance. The latest research I have seen states that there is at last 20% of the population not in compliance with California Law by driving without even the minimum liability coverage for personal injury accidents. It is estimated that this number is considerably higher in major metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles.

Uninsured Motorist Coverage: protects you and anyone in your car when you are involved in a motor vehicle accident with someone who did not carry insurance. We are assuming that the uninsured motorist, and not you, was at fault in the accident. If you carry this type of insurance and you are hit by an at-fault uninsured motorist and are injured in the process, you will be covered up to the amount of your uninsured motorist coverage. Like liability insurance this is usually sold either as "15/30" (in thousands - with $ 15,000.00 per person and $30,000.00 total) or "25/50" or "50/100," etc.

If you are involved in an accident with an uninsured motorist and fail to carry this type of insurance it is very likely that there is no one to pay all of the compensation to which you would normally be entitled, including your medical bills, loss of earnings, or loss of quality of life. Your liability insurance will not pay for it because that is not what it is intended for (see above). You would then be left with covering you medical bills though your private health insurance (if you carry such), but this of course would not compensate you for the other losses described above.

Under Insurance Coverage: Under the law in California your Uninsured Motorist Coverage becomes Under insurance in some cases. If you are injured by another party and their liability insurance is not sufficient to cover your injuries, then you may be entitled to use your own Uninsured Motorist Coverage (even though the other party had some liability coverage) to compensate you for losses, because your uninsured motorist coverage converts to under-insurance coverage (because the other driver didnít have enough liability coverage to adequately compensate you). For example, the driver that injured you had a liability policy that was limited to $ 15,000.00 per person. And letís say that your medical bills and loss of earnings, as well as your overall inconvenience and trauma are $25,000.00. We would then examine your Uninsured Motorist coverage and if that coverage was, letís say, $ 25.000.00, per person, then we would then be able to collect $ 15,000.00 from the at-fault party (the other driver) and we could also collect another $10,000.00 from your own uninsured motorist policy to fully compensate you for your losses. There is an offset for whatever was paid by the at-fault party ($ 15,000.00), but that still leaves $ 10,000.00 available to you on your own uninsured motorist policy. It is important to remember that such an offset exists when purchasing your insured motorist policy.

Some people also have the misconception that if you make an uninsured motorist claim (or claim for under-insurance, based on the above), that you are somehow endangering your relationship with your own insurance carrier "won't they raise my rates?" This is not the case. You have paid for this added protection, and the right to make such a claim, by paying your premium.

Medical Payments Coverage: Medical Payments (often called "med-pay," is a type of insurance that will cover an individual (and their passengers) if they are injured in an automobile accident. Med-Pay is not based on who is at fault in the automobile accident.

Such coverage is therefore very helpful even when it happens that the insured was at cause in an accident in which he/she, or passengers, were injured. It is relatively inexpensive and I would strongly urge you to carry at least $ 5,000.00 of such coverage for automobile accidents. Itís also essential that you buy the right kind of "med-pay". The best kind is that which is "non-excess" (meaning that you do not have to first use your private health insurance with the med-pay coverage picking up any portion left unpaid), and "non-reimbursable" (meaning that you do not have to pay it back to your insurance company if you obtain a settlement or recovery from the person at-fault for your accident.

Comprehensive Coverage: This insurance protects you from theft or vandalism to your vehicle. It almost always has a deductible, sometimes as low as $100.00 or as high as $2,000. This is not required by law, but will be required by your bank or finance company if you donít own the vehicle outright.

Collision Coverage: This is insurance protects you regardless of fault for damages to your vehicle sustained in a motor vehicle collision. Like comprehensive coverage, it almost always has a deductible and although it is not required by law it will be required if you donít own the vehicle outright.

Waiver of Deductible: when hit by an uninsured motorist: Usually called "UMPD Waiver". If you are hit by an at-fault uninsured motorist your normal collision deductible will be waived. The premium paid to have this type of insurance is usually very small. Of course the lower your deductible the less interest you would have in this coverage. Since most people carry $500 to $1000 deductible itís certainly reasonable to spend a few dollars to not pay the deductible if hit by an uninsured motorist.

Rental: This insurance allows you to rent a car regardless of fault. In fact most policies allow you to rent a car even if your car is just in the shop for reasons not related to an automobile accident or personal injury claim. The main thing about rental coverage is to note the amount It provides. About the best one I have seen offers $30.00 a day for 30 days of car rental coverage. If you drive a newer, more expensive or larger vehicle, there may not be enough coverage here to fully cover you.

Towing: This is usually provided to you by your insurance carrier, but if itís not you should look into having this coverage. If you are on a long trip when your car breaks down, this coverage can save you several hundred dollars. Many people have other towing coverage such as AAA Road- Side Assistance. There are usually much stricter limitations on distances towed under such policies (AAA) than under regular towing coverage.

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) Coverage: Personal Injury Protection (PIP) is an insurance coverage for medical and other expenses resulting from an automobile accident, for people specified in the policy, regardless of who is at fault in the accident. PIP covers reasonable and necessary medical expenses for injuries sustained in an automobile accident.


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This website is for informational purposes only. It is not intended and should not be relied upon as professional advice regarding healthcare, diagnosis or treatment. Please see a health care provider for a professional opinion. Further, this website does not offer legal advice. Please consult a qualified attorney for any legal advice you may require. Dr. Edmond Gilardi has no interest in or financial relationship with any other health care provider or attorney identified in this website. Dr. Edmond Gilardi is not responsible for the qualifications or performance of any health care provider or attorney referred to by Dr. Edmond Gilardi as a result of this website. All rights reserved worldwide.



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